Taking a Critical Look at How The
Media Influences Well-Being

Media Audit - A Free Lesson Plan

As part of a recent Social Heath unit, I asked my students to take a critical look at how the media impacts social well-being. This blog post is a look at the activity they did.



My students are constantly bombarded with subtle and not so subtle messages from the media. Whether it comes from the books they're reading, the social media accounts they're following, or the T.V. shows they're binge-watching, the media is powerfully influencing their well-being.


Check out our Social Health and Relationships lesson plan bundle!


As I'm sure you too have come to realize, as teachers we can't isolate our kids from the media. It's just not realistic and it doesn't actually solve any problems. Instead, we need to help students develop the skill to think critically and learn how to assess the messages they're consuming.



I know this isn't easy. Because let's be honest we (yes, we teachers included) know from personal experience just how easy it is to be a passive consumer. We unconsciously scroll through social media feeds, sing along with popular music, and watch a show in the background while folding laundry. Media has basically become society's giant white noise machine.


And that's pretty scary.


In an effort to break the trend of passive consumption, I wanted to challenge my students to think critically about the media they take in. I wanted them to break the trend of writing everything off as "just entertainment," and empower them to be conscious consumers.


The Lesson Plan


With all of that in mind, let's get to the actual lesson plan*. The goal of this activity was for students to critically define the messages being presented in the media and determine if the messages are improving or harming their well-being.


*For this lesson I specifically wanted students to look at how the media impacts their social well-being, however, this activity could be used to assess how the media influences any element of well-being). 


Teach students how to think critically about the media messages they consume. Media Audit - a free resource and lesson plan for Middle School Teachers from Project School Wellness.


Teaching Step 1

»  Before diving into the media messages, I wanted to make sure students had a clear understanding of Social Health. So we did a quick refresher on the definition of Social Health - - Social health refers to being connected and feeling like you belong. Being able to build and sustain relationships. And learning how to be a good friend.



Teaching Step 2

»  Next, students needed to understand what exactly the media is. As soon as I say "media" they assume I'm talking about social media. And while they aren't exactly wrong, the term "media" definitely refers to more than just social media. Here's the definition I used with my students - - The media refers to methods of communication that influences people. So the term media could be talking about books, magazines, newspapers, television shows, music, movies, etc..


Teach students how to think critically about the media messages they consume. Media Audit - a free resource and lesson plan for Middle School Teachers from Project School Wellness.


Teaching Step 3

» After students better understood what exactly the media is, as a class we started reviewing what messages are being presented about social health. To assess media messages...


  • First, students listed a specific media source
  • Then, they would identify the message about social media being presented
  • Next, the truthmeter - - students would share if they thought the message was a 100% true, a little white lie, or a big fat lie
  • Finally, students would assess how hearing each particular message impacts their social well-being


Check out our Social Health and Relationships lesson plan bundle!


To help give more context, these are examples. The specific media source is in orange followed by the message they're presenting about social health.


  • Movie
    • Wonder - Be kind and get to know people before you judge their value as a person


  • Music


  • News (I found that many kids don't watch or read the news, so I gave them the option to swap this one for a book)
    • Most news stories about teens connected to bullying. The message is that bullying is not acceptable and that the consequences can be very severe. 


  • Social Media
    • Facebook, Instagram, TwitterIt's socially healthy to constantly be on social media and that connecting online is better (or at least equal to) than connecting in real life.
    • And here's an even more specific example - -  Logan Paul - It's acceptable to travel to a foreign country and be disrespectful of cultural norms for personal gain.


  • T.V.
    • 13 Reasons Why - If someone treats you wrong, it's okay to get revenge on them.


After discussing these examples with students, they worked through the worksheet in pairs looking at the media they personally consume.


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Overall, I was very happy with how this activity went. Reading some of my student's work made really feel like they were really starting to think critically. However, in the future, I will take even more time to discuss examples as a class before students do pair work. I say this because it was evident in some of my students' work that they didn't quite grasp the definition of media.

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Hello. I'm  Janelle!

A middle school health teacher turned curriculum developer (and #WAHM). I'm on a mission to share the easiest-to-teach, most impactful health lesson plans on the Internet. Because your time and energy is better spent on teaching and connecting, not on planning and prep.


  1. Kathy Clark on March 4, 2020 at 5:04 pm

    Thank you!

    • Janelle Kay on March 5, 2020 at 1:11 pm

      Hey Kathy,

      You’re welcome!

      Have a lovely day,


  2. Wendy on February 8, 2021 at 9:03 am

    Hi, Thanks for sharing.
    I wonder where I can get a truethmeter.
    Iḿ from Mexico.

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